Middle East North Africa Science Platform
A new IPCC special report has been released warning of the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C above preindustrial levels and the related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty.
See the latest article: Climate change and interconnected risks to sustainable development in the Mediterranean
'Homo species dispersed into the green grasslands of the Arabian Peninsula between 300,000 and 500,000 years ago.
Analyses of fossilised animal bones and newly discovered stone tools from Ti’s al Ghadah in northern Saudi Arabia suggest that hominins dispersed into the region 100,000 years earlier than previously thought. At the time, the Peninsula was covered in savannah-like grasslands and experienced a wetter climate than today.'
'Proposed science institute will focus on the Mediterranean and Middle East, regions that will be hard hit by global warming. Few monitoring systems exist in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East to systematically measure variables such as temperature, humidity and desertification. '
'Globally, coral reefs are in serious danger of being wiped out by rising sea temperatures as a consequence of climate change.
But in one region, in the Gulf of Aqaba, the corals are showing pockets of resistance in withstanding the heat.
Consequently, this area has become a hotbed for research as marine biologists from many countries are studying the factors that give these corals their ability to survive warming seas and whether genetic technology could help to save dying coral reefs. '
Fascinating and timely new study in Nature Climate Change. New fossil fuel investments may become stranded if demand for fossil fuel declines due to technological change. This could amount to a discounted global wealth loss of US$1–4 trillion, with the negative impact for producer countries amplified by climate mitigation policies of consumer countries.
'Fog nets have been for many decades in many parts of the world including Africa and the Middle East.
The largest fog collection project in the world is in Morocco, where over 600 square meters of nets provide drinking water to hundreds in a region severely hit by droughts induced by climate change. With water crises looming in many parts of the world, devising innovative and sustainable ways to gain access to clean water is essential.
Now, researchers at Virginia Tech University have developed a new design that they say has three times the efficiency of regular fog nets. They call it a "harp," because its vertical pattern of wires makes it resemble the string instrument.'
" Look up at the stars and not down at your feet "
World renowned Hawking was known for his work with black holes and relativity. He was the first to set out a theory of cosmology as a union of relativity and quantum mechanics. He also discovered that black holes leak energy and fade to nothing - a phenomenon that would later become known as Hawking radiation.
He suffered from motor neurone disease which left him in a wheelchair and largely unable to speak. He became a great scientist and contributed to our understanding and knowledge of the universe.
He cared about science in society nationally and internationally, a true champion and humanitarian.
The 300,000-year-old skull segments carry insights into the origins of our species and connect Morocco with complex evolutionary changes taking place across Africa.
Extreme weather blamed on humans for the first time
Nature editorial: Scientists clearly state that extreme weather phenomena wouldn’t have happened without global warming. The solution has been clear for more than two decades: governments need to take aggressive action to curb greenhouse-gas emissions.
This has implications for the MENA region.
Scientists warn against the negative impact of honeybees’ introduction on wild bees and native plants in South Sinai.
Ancient stone structures
Researchers from around the world can help to support and collaborate with colleagues in troubled regions.
In the Palestinian territories, science struggles against all odds
Travel restrictions and paltry funding hamper researchers, who are trying to build a scientific base.
'Can a breakthrough in stem-cell research revolutionize feminism? Can a scientist apply the scientific method to her own life to find solutions to social problems? In Five Scarves, Jordanian molecular biologist Rana Dajani reveals with passion and cogency how she has explored those possibilities. She speaks to humanity’s capacity to overcome challenges — not least, improving the treatment of women and children.'
'The Middle East and North Africa is becoming a hot bed of activity for research, particularly in the fields of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Materials Science, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. A recent report explores the research landscape across the MENA identifying the most prolific institutions for research output, notable areas of research concentration and the most cited papers coming out of each country. '
Many consider renewable energy systems to be the way forward. However, before such systems can power the future, they first need to demonstrate their viability. Researchers from Europe and Morocco have teamed up to make one specific energy system a reality - dispatchable concentrating solar plants.
Water scarcity in the Mediterranean, South America, Africa is a growing global problem, as climate change pressure mounts and inefficiencies in water use and treatment continue, particularly in water-intensive industries. An EU-backed team - working with international partners - has developed an innovative, low-cost inorganic wastewater treatment using agricultural and industrial leftovers.
A professor in Oman has come up with a discovery that promises a breakthrough solution to the issue of carbon emissions on a global level: a rock commonly found just under the crust of the earth could soak up the planet’s entire carbon dioxide emissions, even without being mined.
Palestine Museum of Natural History
The Palestine Institute of Biodiversity Research and its Palestine Museum of Natural History (PMNH) works to research, educate and conserve our natural world, culture and heritage and use knowledge to promote responsible human interactions with our environment.
Threat of 3C warming to Alexandria
The UN is warning that we are on course for 3C of global warming and the report will be published shortly. The impact of such a rise in global temperature is projected to be devastating to cities in coastal regions. The IPCC reported that Alexandria’s beaches would be submerged even with a 0.5-metre sea-level rise, while 8 million people would be displaced by flooding in Alexandria and the Nile Delta if no protective measures are taken. A 3C rise threatens far greater damage than that with added consequences for tourism.
Maryam Mirzakhani, the first woman to win mathematics' Fields medal passes away. She is the first woman and the first Iranian to be honored with the award, known for her work in the dynamics and geometry of Riemann surfaces and their moduli spaces. “Mirzakhani specialized in theoretical mathematics that read like a foreign language by those outside of mathematics: moduli spaces, Teichmüller theory, hyperbolic geometry, Ergodic theory and symplectic geometry,” Stanford press announcement.
Technology companies throughout Saudi Arabia will get startup funds up to $133.3 million from the King Abdul Aziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) during the first quarter of next year.
The initiative, launched by the Badir Program for Technology Incubators, one of KACST’s leading programs, aims to trigger the growth of Saudi startups for a positive impact on the national economy, increase productivity and create more job opportunities for Saudi youths.
Hottest temperature in Iranian city
Ahvaz city in southwest Iran recorded the country’s hottest temperature , 53.7C, ever recorded on Thursday 29th June 2017.
If confirmed, this may match the world record for the most extreme
high temperature in modern time.
Hot spots in the Gulf region and Arabian Peninsula are projected to endure heatwaves challenging human survival and adaptability if climate change is left unchecked.
One Quarter of 1 % of Turkey’s Surface Area Is Sufficient to Meet All the Power Demand with PV by 2050!
BRUSSELS- Algeria and the European Union (EU) signed Monday, in Brussels, an agreement on EU funding of a EUR10 million supporting programme for the development of renewable energies and the promotion of energy efficiency in Algeria.
Gender in Agribusiness Investments for Africa (GAIA) is now accepting applications from institutions and enterprises for the 2017 AWARD AgTech Innovation Challenge for West and North Africa. GAIA has been launched by African Women in Agricultural Research and Development to increase agribusiness investments in technological and business model innovations that help bridge the gender gap in African agriculture and particularly those that enhance the positive participation of African women in agricultural value chains across the continent.
HESPAL aims to help create the next generation of senior academics who can maintain international quality standards at Palestinian universities .
EU collaboration projects
The Middle East Research and Innovation Dialogue MERID project is a coordination and support action funded by the EU framework programme for research and innovation to intensify and encourage R&I cooperation between the EU and the Middle East region, directly involving partners from Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Palestine.
Scientific projects targeting cooperation between MENA and EU scientists. EUROSUNMED focuses on the potential for plentiful solar power to adapt solar technology to the region's environment.
I posed this question to a professor at a university in Jordan. The answer was no. This led me to start exploring the reasons behind
this and how to resolve them.
An increasing number of new solar energy technologies are invented every year, the successful development of which depends heavily on accurate measurements of performance, reliability, and durability.
Sustainability Week is a global platform that addresses the interconnected challenges that affect the widespread adoption of sustainable development and clean energy.
Zayed Future Energy Prize
Submissions for the 2017 Zayed Future Energy Prize are open.
Our world is increasingly embracing innovative solutions in order to create a sustainable future, and the Zayed Future Energy Prize is a unique platform that recognises and rewards today’s innovators for their contributions to change.
EU H2020 international research
International Cooperation is vital if research is to fully tap its potential. Active and more strategic international cooperation will also contribute to achieving the EU's wider policy objectives.
The Middle East Science Fund
The Middle East Science Fund is an initiative to support young scientists and education in the sciences throughout the region.
Innovation & Economic Development
The mission of the Innovation & Economic Development department is to help maximize KAUST’s contribution to the economic diversification of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and its transformation to a knowledge- based economy.
The Fogarty International Center
Middle East and North African (MENA) Region Information, Grants and Resources
Prince Sultan Bin Abdulaziz International Prize for Water is a leading, global scientific award focusing on cutting- edge innovation in water research.